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The Rosamont Corporation

Historic Trail and Railroads   Flickr Account for large versions of images      


Larger pdf of full Rosamont Agreement copy of original Rosamont Agreement    
Subscribers and Thoughts Page 2 History Detective: Colorful characters including embezzlement, mining and bicycles    

History of Jones Park and the Historic Trail to Pikes Peak


Time Line

Rosemont Corporation and Railroads to Pikes Peak

1885 Hagerman Railroad

1885 Partridge buys Jones homestead

1891 Dynamite Used

1891 Cripple Creek Gold Rush

1893 Connell Rugby Team

1893 Katherine Lee Bates and America the Beautiful

1894 Reid Gazette article on railroad feasibility

1894 Battle of Bull Hill in Cripple Creek

1894Rosamont Agreement

1894 Rosamont filing of officers

1894 Battle of Bull Hill in Cripple Creek

1901 Short Line bypasses Jones Park



Grid of Homesteads Showing Rosamont Corporation Parcels

“The deal” was a bit more complex as Frank Loud took title to the Partridge parcels as “Trustee” (likely acting for Partridge), then conveyed a portion of the land to Rosamont while keeping parts for himself.  Loud retained portions of the original Jones and LaVigne homesteads (light green), while conveying portions of the original homesteads of Jones, McDonald, LaVigne and Hale (dark green).  [Map courtesy of Don Ellis].



The Rosemont Corporation

Formation of Rosamont Corporation

Formed in 1894, the Rosamont Corporation was a group of 29 Colorado Springs business persons that agreed to issue 50 shares of stock at $100/per share granting an undivided interest in the corporation backed by land ownership in Jones Park.  The proceeds of the issuance were to pay expenses of formation and to buy land owned by A. H. Partridge. 

The corporate funds are stated to pay off:  "a certain Trust Deed for $2,000.00 to H. Le B. Wills Trustee now held by Thomas Jackson."  The original loan was for the benefit of Elizabeth Le B Wills, the mother of H. Le B. Wills, a well-known Colorado Springs real estate lender.  The Note and Deed of Trust was then sold and assigned to Thomas Jackson (the father of subscriber Harry Jackson).

Rosamont acquired the valuable Jones Park valley along Bear Creek and both sides of the Historic Trail / Bear Creek Toll Road.  Perhaps more importantly, Rosamont controlled the right of way for any railroad through the area.  

Edwin S. Giles, husband of Edith Corliss, and owner of the central building (Bear Creek Inn) is referred to in the document:  “Our association formed by Edwin S. Giles”.   However Giles is not a shareholder and the Bear Creek Inn was not part of the Rosamont conveyance.

Both Loud and Bessie Henry were subscribers of Rosamont.  Bessie Henry built a cabin in 1894 on the original Jones homestead (lower right green in diagram) and presumably had an agreement in place to purchase the property from Partridge or Loud. 




Larger pdf of full Rosamont Agreement



Rosamont Corporation Agreement Document

The Rosamont document is a fascinating look at agreements of the time.  The “best and brightest” attorneys and businessmen in Colorado Springs were subscribers.  The document is typed, but also handwritten with scratch outs, added additional handwritten clauses over lapping the typed paragraphs, and containing unreadable signatures without typed or lettered clarification. 

The only date is “1894” without a month or day.  [all this to the frustration of later readers].  Of particular note, is the J. Arthur Connell executed the document by signing on behalf of himself and seven other subscribers (plus, Connell’s wife owned a share). 

A number of subscribers at the end of the document appear to have been added without original signatures, including important directors, MacNeill and Loud. 

There is some rather advanced legal terminology, not common for the time even among attorneys and, certainly, not for laymen.  The use of: "subscribers", “subscribe for”, “respective names”, “capital stock” “to-wit” “hereafter formed”, “under the laws of the State of Colorado”, “on the conditions following”,  “further agree”, “payment of lien”, “under such restrictions…”, "thesaid", and “fifty (50) shares”.  The handwriting inserted on the typewritten page appears to be that of Connell. The preparer of the typewritten agreement is unknown, but may have been Babbitt and Hall.

Few typewriters were available in 1894. The fact that this was a typed agreement is unusual for the time.



City Directory listings showing relationships

Profile of Investors in Rosemont
Relationships: Rosamont had a large number of investors.  The relationships leading to the forming enterprises are as varied as the stories.  There were some common traits and some patterns that were likely important in the persons that became subscribers of Rosamont. 
 Wealth: the $100 per share was not high (equivalent $2,500 in 2016), but the average wealth of a subscriber was in the top range of the community. 
Business Relationships: Hagerman Building, First National Bank and Mining: Subscribers Hagerman, Key, Connell, Newberry, Farnsworth, Townsend, and Wight all had offices in the Hagerman Building.
Mining: Subscribers Bonbright, Hagerman, Connell, Key, Townsend, Wight, Babbitt, Newberry, and Hill, all were corporate officers of mining companies.
Residence: The “North End” along Millionaire's Row was home to many of the key players who lived within blocks of each other. The North End walking tour visits many, if not most, of their houses. 
Humane Society: Rosamont subscribers: Francis Hill, H. Skinner, Mrs. Newberry, Mrs. Farnsworth, Giles Crissey, Ms. Harry Jackson and others were members in an unusually active organization [see Subscriber Hill below for more].
Sportsmen: Young, active and athletic:  The age range of the primary organizers is from 25 to 32 years old.  Many are in engaged in hiking clubs, mountaineering, or various sports.
El Paso Club: Most of the subscribers were members of the El Paso Club, a local men’s club for businessmen.   Lunt was the President and Connell, Hagerman, Key, Townsend, and others were active members (Penrose and Key lived at the El Paso Club at the time).  The Rosamont formation and recruitment likely involved the Club.
Successful:  with the exception of City Treasurer, Moses T. Hale (embezzlement of City funds), the group of subscribers went on to extraordinary success. 



Rugby Team shows relationships of subscribers in sports and later in business


The Rugby Team (J. Arthur Connell, Walter F. Douglas and Oliver Clay Townsend)

In determining who was invited to join the Rosamont Corporation, J. Arthur Connell seems to stand at the center of the picture (literally and figuratively: Connell is believed to be in suit).  The picture above is of his rugby team circa 1893.

This is no ordinary rugby team (looking good in their all whites) as is contains a group of later famous persons and subscribers in Rosamont:

Horace Kimball Devereux (1859-1937) age 34; polo playing mine owner and best friend of Spencer Penrose; not a Rosamont subscriber;

Subscriber #12: J. Arthur Connell (1862-1945) age 31; Rosamont subscriber, real estate and mining;

Subscriber #3: Walter F. Douglas (1862-1941) age 31; architect who designed the Burns Theater, All Souls Unitarian Church, Colorado College campus buildings and many of the Millionaire’s Row houses including Connell’s house;

Subscriber #23 Oliver Clay Townsend (1867-1942) age 26; owner/manager of Colorado City Glass Works; mine owner and partner with Wight on patents;

Mannie Barnes an in-law relative of Rosamont subscriber H.W. Wandell;

Arthur Carnduff (1864-  ) age 29; Scottish born Cripple Creek miner who reportedly made $30,000 in a week and lost it all in a poker game;



Subscriber #12: J. Arthur Connell (1862-1945) was one of the organizers of the Colorado Springs Mining Stock Association, and owned owned over 416 acres of mining patent claims, in addition to various partnerships and stocks in related to mining including the Buena Vista (now the Isabella) Mining Company, Work Mining and Milling Company, Ingham Company, The Croesus Gold Mining and Tunnel Company, and many others. 

Real estate interests included the Argyle Block in Colorado City, and Clyde Blocks in Colorado Springs; Ivanhoe Block in Cripple Creek; Turf Club; Cripple Creek; Clinton Hotel; and others.

As a developer, Connell was a primary organizer in the Fruit Belt Power and Irrigation Company power plant (Connell with Horace Devereux, rugby teammate and fellow Battle of Bull Hill participant).

Connell developed much of the title insurance business in Colorado Springs as the owner and president of Colorado Title and Trust, El Paso Abstract and various companies in Kansas.

City Directory listings


The Gazette published a front page announcement by El Paso Sheriff Winifred Boynton ringing speeches from Judge Colburn and the Ladies' Auxiliary:

“In a stirring speech Judge Colburn said: "I call on every red-bodied man and boy to wrest Bull Hill from the insurrectionists before the insurrectionists despoil the Springs’ fair womanhood and slit the throats of its little children."

Miss Susan Dunbar announced that her Ladies' Auxiliary was ready to make bandages and fill canteens for the city's defenders, to bind wounds and to comfort the dying.”

At right: gathering in Cripple Creek to protest the mine owners.  The union claims Bull Hill as a great victory over the “thugs” of Colorado Springs.

Among those in Company K of the Leadville Volunteers were the following from Colorado Springs: William F. Fisher; D. C. G. MacNeill; J. Arthur Connell; R. A. F. Penrose, Jr.; Spencer Penrose; Russell Wray; Russell F. Gardiner; H. K. Devereux; Mr. MacNeill, brother of D. C. G. MacNeill; Mr. White; Mr. Doubleday; and others.

General Tarsney

Colorado Springs did not forget the battle:
"The unionists' hatred for General Tarsney was confirmed later that month. He was seized in Colorado Springs and taken out of town, where tar and feathers were applied all over his body. Tarsney was abandoned beside the northbound railroad tracks and told to walk."

The Mining Exchange traded more shares than any other exchange at the time;

Note: Rosamont Subscribers: Bonbright and Lunt positions at the Mining Exchange;  others of note are:

T.H. Edsall attorney for the Colorado Midland Railroad;

J.W. Proudfit and C. Edsall , partners of John Key





Rosamont formation occurred in 1894. Likely, after Connell and MacNeill returned from the infamous battle of Bull Hill.

Connell, MacNeill and Penrose had substantial financial interest in Cripple Creek at the time.

The "battle" shows the relationship between Connell, MacNeill, Judge Lunt and Penrose. Military units lead to strong relationships (even quasi-military ones).


First Cripple Creek War and the Battle of Bull Hill

At issue, in this call for arms, was the miners’ strike in Cripple Creek demanding an 8 hour workday and wages of $3 per day.   The mine owners of Colorado Springs, (predominately J. J. Hagerman as William Stratton sided with the miners), were determined to break the strike and Sheriff Boynton was enlisted to form a militia to march to Cripple Creek and take Bull Hill.  Accounts differ on the makeup of the militia and the actual battle of Bull Hill that was apparently brief, but two men were killed. 

Again, standing in the center (literally and figuratively), is J. Arthur Connell.  This time he is with D.G.C. MacNeill, a primary Rosamont subscriber and director.  Rugby teammate, H. K. Devereux, and Spencer Penrose, plus brother R.A.F., are members of this quasi-military unit standing at the base of Bull Hill. 

Penrose, C. Tutt and C. MacNeill had acquired mining claims interests in Cripple Creek by 1894 and were likely “fighting” to protect their investments.  Connell , too, had interest in the Cripple Creek fields.  He acquired 416 acres by patent (placing him in the company of W. Stratton and Spencer Penrose as large acreage mining patent holders).  

Subscriber #27: D. G. C. Macneill or Douglas Gerald Collie MacNeill (1867-   ) was the older brother of Charlie MacNeill who gained fame as the partner of Penrose and Tutt and the owner of reduction mills in Victor and Colorado Springs.  The MacNeills went on to own substantial interests in Utah Copper along with Penrose. 

Back at the Battle of Bull Hill, the miners rioted:

“Yelling mobs smashed the doors and windows of liquor warehouses, and drenched themselves in whiskey.  "General" Johnson's crew who had blown up the Strong Mine, seized a flatcar, loaded it with TNT and rolled it downgrade to try to smash into the Denver force. Instead it left the track on a curve and exploded, killing a cow and three goats. The same crew drove 21 guards from Stratton's Independence and took over the mine.”  Money Mountain by M. Sprague p148.

Colorado Governor Waite was called to quell the rebellion, but sided with the miners.  Governor Waite came to Colorado Springs to meet with the mine owners, represented by J.J. Hagerman, moderated by Colorado College President Slocum, at Palmer Hall.  The meeting became out of control with calls to lynch the Governor and union representative.

“An angry crowd milled around Palmer Hall waiting to nab Waite and Calderwood. While Judge Horace Lunt made a speech to hold the crowd, Waite and Calderwood slipped out a back door and walked to the Denver & Rio Grande Railroad station.”  Money Mountain by M. Sprague p.151.

Subscriber #20: Judge Horace Gray Lunt (1847-1923) was the President of Rosamont Corporation.   He was a Harvard educated attorney (1870), head of the Chamber of Commerce, president and member of the El Paso Club (along with Connell and many other Rosemont subscribers) and advocate for the parks system in Colorado Springs (today Judge Lunt Park hosts softball players).  Lunt was a known outdoors man who as a young man was rumored to be the first to climb Mt. Evans while visiting his relative Governor Evans.  General Palmer appointed Lunt as a commissioner for Monument Valley Park upon its donation to the City.  Lunt was selected to write a letter for the Century Chest about the legal affairs of the time.





City Directory listing

Sexton v. Kessler & Co., 225 U.S. 90 (1912); Babbitt went on to argue cases before the U.S. Supreme Court including this one argued to Oliver Wendell Holmes. Few Colorado Springs attorneys go on to the Supreme Court.


Henry Clay Hall, Jr

Hall and Preston: Hall became the Mayor of Colorado Springs

"In the city today there are about 115 lawyers the population of this vicinity is about 30,000. This number will I think appear excessive to readers. As civilization advances there should be less work in volume for lawyers to do but this work will probably be more important in character." Franklin E. Brooks 1901.
Stewart House was completed around 1898 for Mr. and Mrs. Ralph J. Preston and purchased by the Stewarts in 1902. Preston was a prominent attorney for the Colorado Springs firm Hall, Prescott and Babbitt. The house, with its brick walls, stone columns, and Greek‐Corinthian style arches was one of the first homes built on “Millionaires’ Row.” Mrs. Preston died from complications in childbirth in 1900, and her husband immediately sold “the Castle.”




The Railroad to Pikes Peak and Cripple Creek

J.J. Hagerman and finished the Colorado Midland lines to Leadville and Aspen, then sold the Midland to the Santa Fe Railroad.  Despite losing over $2 million in the Silver Panic of 1893, he was flush with cash and investing in Aspen and Cripple Creek gold mines.  J.J. had played a prominent role in settling the Battle of Bull Hill and the Midland was charging high rates to transport to and from Cripple Creek.  An alternate railroad to Cripple Creek was on everyone’s minds when City Engineer H. Reid conducted a railroad survey of the proposed route through Jones Park (as published March 15, 1894 in the Gazette). 

Hagerman’s team of railroad organizers, including as Connell and MacNeill, and his son Percy, started to organize the right of ways needed.   Hagerman’s corporations and organizations man, Kurnal R. Babbitt along with Babbitt’s law partners, Hall and Preston, were brought in the lay the foundation for the Rosamont Corporation.   

Subscriber #17:  Kurnal R. Babbitt (1864-1920), age 30, (Subscriber #18 and director of Rosamont) specialized in business organizations for mining and railroad endeavors.  Later, Babbitt Minnesota, would be named after him (he organized the mining company) and Babbitt would move to New York and Washington where he argued legal cases before the U.S. Supreme Court, one before Judge Oliver Wendell Holmes in 1912.  He became the New York corporate attorney for brokerage company E.F. Hutton. 

"There has never been a more prosperous year in our history than the one we are now living-1901. This is due largely to the building and completion of The Colorado Springs and Cripple Creek District Railway. A road remarkable for its wonderful engineering, even in this age of mountain railroad construction. It is not only a great credit to the man who ran the construction line but to the men who financed and built it. The men who made it possible are such men as Irving Howbert, William Lennox, Frank M. Wood, Horace G. Lunt, K.R. Babbitt, James F. Barnes, William P. Bonbright, Frank M. Peck, F.H. Morley, J. Addison Hayes, Edward W. Giddings, W.S. Stratton and many others-citizens of Colorado Springs." Century Chest Letter 96.

Subscriber #18: Ralph J. Preston (1865-1919) age 29; 1228 Wood Avenue, and Henry Clay Hall (1860-1936) age 34, were the law partners of K. Babbitt.  Preston invested in Standard Oil reportedly making $5 million in dividends by 1900.  He built the Stewart House on Millionaires Row. 

Preston was accused of "bobing his horse's tail too short" by Francis B. Hill and the Humane Society. Preston stated: "I would not live in Hades with that man" and canceled his subscription by crossing his name off the document rather than continuing in Rosamont. [more on Francis Hill below].

Subscriber #16: Henry Clay Hall (1860-1936) age 34, his health led him to move to Colorado Springs where he was general counsel for many large corporations; in 1911-12 was president of the Colorado State Bar association; was Mayor of Colorado Springs from 1905-1907; he was appointed by President Woodrow Wilson in 1914 to serve on the interstate commerce commission, was recommended for the appointment by virtually all of the entire Colorado delegation in Congress; was commission chairman in 1917-1918 and in 1924, served until 1928; Hall was the author of the Century Chest letter describing the state of the legal profession in 1901.

Hagerman's Peak by Percy Hagerman

Knife's Edge route of Capitol Peak pioneered by Hagerman



Subscriber #24 Percy Hagerman (1869-1950); was the son of J.J. Hagerman who had built and sold the Colorado Midland Railroad and owned the First National bank.  The Hagerman Building at 606 N. Cascade Ave. was the office to many of the local businessmen interested in railroads and mining.  One of those that had an office in the Hagerman Building was J. Arthur Connell, a partner with William Bonbright.

Percy Hagerman graduated from Cornell University in 1890 and then attended the Yale Law School during 1890 and 1891, returning to Colorado Springs at the end of that period.  Percy Hagerman became active a businessman, outdoors man, and well-known mountaineer who painted the mountains he was climbing.  He was the president of the First National Bank and a corporate officer in numerous mining and coal organizations.

The first recorded ascent of Capitol Peak was by pioneer climbers Percy Hagerman, from Colorado Springs and Aspen, and Harold Clark, a lawyer from Aspen, on August 22 in 1909. The pair climbed the mountain by what is now the standard route up Capitol, including the famed Knife Edge, an exposed ridge that is usually crossed with legs straddling the edge and buttocks firmly planted atop it. Hagerman and Clark also climbed all the other major peaks in the Elk Range at that time, including the first known ascents of Pyramid Peak and North Maroon Peak as well as Capitol. The men used the old Hayden Survey report from 1873 and 1874 as their climbing guidebook. Hagerman Peak, a beautiful 13,841-foot mountain near Snowmass Mountain, is named for Percy Hagerman, while 13,570-foot Clark's Peak near Capitol Peak is named for Harold Clark. 

Capitol Peak is generally considered the most difficult of Colorado's Fourteeners or 14,000-foot mountains with lots of rock scrambling, loose rock, steep granite, and exposure. The infamous Knife Edge ridge section between K2 and Capitol Peak's summit not only inspires climbers with its beauty and exposure but also strikes fear into novice mountaineers.

Percy Hagerman settled in 1885 in Colorado Springs where he became a businessman, outdoors man, and well-known mountaineer who painted the mountains he was climbing. Hagerman Peak near Aspen is named for him.

Percy Hagerman was a life-member of the Broadmoor Art Academy and from 1939 to 1950, served on the Board of the Colorado Fine Arts Center.  Percy Hagerman is a listed artist in Davenport's and Dawdy. He was at the peak of his art career in the 20's and 30's painting landscapes of the mountains he had climbed. 

Bonbright & Co.

THE CROESUS GOLD MINING AND TUNNEL COMPANY, #800, issued February 14, 1896. Signed by stock brokers and mine promoters, J. Arthur Connell and William P. Bonbright. Company owned mining property west of Mound City and on Rhyolite Mount, Cripple Creek Gold Mining District, Colorado.


Subscriber #14: William P. Bonbright (2 shares)

William Bonbright “international bankers and brokers” and president of the Mining Exchange. The Bonbright brothers were wealthy enough to build a house with all the amenities of a first class hotel. William B. was active in real estate and mining and often partnered with J. Arthur Connell. In addition, the Bonbright was the owners of the Exchange National Bank.

Turf Club: The Coors building was at 239-243 E Bennett Avenue in Cripple Creek:    William P. Bonbright built the Turf Club in 1896 to provide private meeting rooms to the city's most successful businessmen.  A year later he sold the building and the business to John Harnan, who continued to operate the club. The building is currently used as a casino (Bronco Billy’s). 

“Although Adolph Coors did not finance the original construction of this building, Coors purchased it from stock brokers William P. Bonbright and J. Arthur Connell a year after it was built (1896),” according to Levine.

Subscriber #15 (2 shares) Irving Bonbright (brother of William)

was the specialist in “capitalizing energy projects” including the Colorado Springs Light and Power Co. and the Arizona Power Company.  "The William P. Bonbright & Co. Bankers and Brokers of Colorado Springs, Colorado sold investment bonds to raise funds for the project.  The Childs Plant received its name from S.W. Childs, who worked as a bond broker for the Bonbright Company. The Irving Plant was named for Bonbright co-founder Irving Bonbright."


Francis B. Hill

The Humane Society was unusually active at the time inspecting horse stables, poultry shipments and country clubs.

Advertising for bull fighting brought swift action despite no actual bull fight.


Subscriber #4: Francis B. Hill (1837-1911);

Born in Edinburgh, Scotland Hill was in the African diamond mining business and in sheep and cattle raising in Natal before coming to Colorado Springs in 1877.  He bought the Kennedy sheep ranch that was sold in 1888 to the Falcon Land and Town Company to develop what is now known as the town of Falcon, east of Colorado Springs.  

His wealth was from banking and real estate enterprises but he is best remembered for his work with the Humane Society.  The Humane Society grew under Hill’s 14 years of service to include many prominent Colorado Springs citizens.  Rosamont subscribers: Mrs. Harry Jackson, H. Skinner, Mrs. Newberry, Mrs. Farnsworth, Giles Crissey and others were members. Hill was active in checking the conditions of livery stables, chicken shipping and the bobbing of horse's tails. 

A dispute with the Cheyenne Mountain Country Club broke out over trap shooting live pigeons.  Hill, and the Humane Society, brought a legal suit against Charley Tutt, and the Broadmoor Club, that resulted in Tutt being arrested and briefly incarcerated on charges of cruelty to pigeons.  Colorado State law was changed and clay pigeons were used in trap shooting going forward.

Later, the “first bull fight in the United States” was set for the town Gillette near Cripple Creek that was certain to draw the attention of Hill.  Hill had the matador and bandoleers thrown into jail by bringing a complaint of "unlawfully and needlessly mutilate and kill an animal".   Charlie Tutt and Spencer Penrose owned the Gillette land and threw a"Charlie Meadows Wild West Show" fund raiser for the bail of the jailed. The feud with Hill continued.   Newport in the Rockies p.186, 229 and 340.

The "feud" may have contributed to the absence of the "Penrose Gang" from the Rosamont Park story.

Penrose,Tutt and Preston were not members of the rather contentious Humane Society.


The Non-Subscribers

Spencer Penrose, Charles Tutt, Charles MacNeill, A.E. Carlton and Horace Devereux

The absence of the “Penrose gang” in the Rosamont subscribers was surprising in that J. Arthur Connell was close friends and a part of the group.  Penrose was living at the El Paso Club in 1894 and many of the Rosamont subscribers had strong connections to both the El Paso Club and Penrose. 

The reason may have been a conflict in business as Penrose, Tutt and C. MacNeill were in the mill reduction business in Cripple Creek and a new rail line might threaten to transport the gold ore cheaply to other mills.  Carlton was in the transfer business (Colorado Trading and Transfer) at the time and had strong ties to the Midland Terminal Railroad that hauled his coal to the mining pumps.  Another railroad that caused pricing competition or that delivered to competitors was not in the interest of Penrose and Carlton. In any event, none of the Penrose/Carlton associates are subscribers. 


Subscribers and Thoughts Page 2 History Detective

  Colorful characters including embezzlement, mining and bicycles


Rosamont Epilogue

The power push to build a railroad town in Jones Park was derailed by the complexity of the engineering for a route through Jones Park.  The survey of County Engineer, H. Reid, reported in the Gazette called for a combination of railroad and cog rail to run from Bull Hill in Cripple Creek to Colorado Springs that required:   “The system is practically the same as that now in use on the Manitou Pikes Peak line except that there is in addition to cog machinery additional machinery for locomotion by adhesion.” (Gazette March 1894).

Additional surveys ultimately determined that building both cog and rail lines, to go through Jones Park, was less economical than a longer line that would not require the cog portion of the plan.  The “moment of decision” for Rosamont was when an engineer determined the Gold Camp rail route would turn on a trestle bridge, the “Bear Creek Bridge” (currently near the t railhead for 7 Bridges trail), and proceed through Gold Camp Tunnel Number Three.  Jones Park would not be on the line to Bull Hill, and worse, all the traffic up the mountain now had alternate routes that were either shorter or easier. 

Colorado Springs & Cripple Creek District Railway, known as the Short Line, opened an extension to Colorado Springs in April 1901.

“Colorado Springs businessmen immediately objected to this diversion of trade. Mine owners like W.S. Stratton, Irving Howbert, Frank Woods, and others formed the Colorado Springs and Cripple Creek District Railway (CS&CCD) in 1899 to combat the D&SW. This new line ran from the Springs to Cripple Creek and then later to Victor. The railway was electrified and carried both freight and passengers. This line cost $4.5 million to build and was the most expensive railroad in Colorado to date. [16] [Wilkins, Colorado, op. cit., pp. 127, 135; Ormes, op. cit., p. 145, and Irving Howbert, Memories of a Lifetime in the Pike's Peak Region (New York: Putnam's, 1925), pp. 281-285.].”

Rosamont subscribers involved with the CC & CCD included: Kurnal R. Babbitt (organization attorney and director), H. Hall (director), and others on the Hagerman railroad team.  Unfortunately, the right of ways and land acquired for Rosamont were of no value to the railroad.  Frank Loud either retained or acquired the majority of the Jones Park land.

"The Trip that Bankrupts the English Language" carried Theodore Roosevelt to Cripple Creek by way of the Gold Camp Road rather than up the Historic Trail.


Rosamont Corporate filing



Rosamont Agreement - Larger pdf of full Rosamont Agreement


Larger image Rosamont Corporate filing

Example of cutting edge of legal filings from 1894. Likely prepared by K.R. Babbitt.


President: Horace Lunt

Directors: J. Arthur Connell, D.G.C. MacNeill, H.V. Wandell, and K.R. Babbitt

Edwin S. Giles is not listed in the filing, but the Gazette article lists him as a director.

Reference and acknowledgment:

Newport in the Rockies Marshall Sprague

Money Mountain Marshall Sprague

The lives of James John Hagerman : builder of the Colorado Midland Railway by John J. Lipsey>

Pikes Peak Library District

El Paso County Pioneer Museum

Don Ellis: thank you for insights and discussions